Oct 31, 2011

Circumcision Reduce Risk of HIV

Have long believed that uncircumcised or circumcised men have less risk for contracting HIV than uncircumcised men. However, the belief was always hampered by the opinion of some experts who say that if men were circumcised it would reduce sexual enjoyment. As the times, eventually becoming obsolete opinion of the people. Especially when the HIV / AIDS virus penetrated almost to the entire world, and has no cure so far. Some researchers, conducted a study on the root of the problem of transmission.

Interestingly, the acyl research, it turns out habits of the Muslims circumcise genitals turn out to be the crossbar prevented the HIV virus enters the body through sexual intercourse. Then, if the man who had already grown too need to be circumcised in order to obtain the same benefits? How about a lot already? A researcher and France said, should remain circumcision.

In clinical studies, Dr.. Bertran Auvert of the Ambroise Hopital - Pare in Boulogne, France, a random set 1546 uncircumcised men aged 18-24 were HIV negative to undergo circumcision in South Africa and another man sebagal 1582 control group. Report of Dr. Auvert, published in the medical journal PLoS Medicine this month, reported that those who undergo circumcision requested holiday intercourse for six weeks after the circumcision procedure. Of continuous monitoring for 21 months, found there were 20 cases of HIV in their invection the circumcision, and even worse, there are 49 cases among the uncircumcised.

Researchers tried to explain a number of possibilities why circumcision provides a protective effect against HIV infection. "Keratinization gland that is not covered by the skin at the tip of the penis, the penis rapidly drying after sexual contact, shorten the life expectancy of HIV on the penis after sexual contact with a partner with HIV-positive," he said.

In addition, "Diminishing the overall surface of the skin in the penis means less cells that become easy targets of HIV. In fact, a padded cell targets of HIV are so many there are in the skin of the penis is removed when a man circumcised". Dr. Auvert and colleagues provide recommendations on male circumcision in order to minimize the risk of HIV infection, especially in regions that are vulnerable to HIV. However, he cautioned him not to think that circumcision is a total protection against HIV. "Condoms still need to be used in any risky sexual behavior," he said.

In previous studies, proved that circumcision could help prevent genital warts is the main cause of cervical cancer and anal cancer. Genital warts is one kind of venereal disease that occurred in the penis where the cause is a virus that is Human papillomavirus (HPV). Research conducted in the United States, in the medical journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases, reported that by circumcision or circumcision and regular condom use reduces the risk of HPV infection of the penis.

The research was conducted on 393 men who came to the clinic Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) In Arizona, the United States from July 2000 to January 2001. These men asked several questions and penile smear examination to determine the DNA of HPV, to see whether they are infected. Men who had sexual intercourse more than 30 times per month, three times more likely to detect HPV compared with men who have sex no more than 5 times per month.

And men who perform circumcision and regular condom use MAMP seems to prevent them suffering from genital warts. Circumcised men infected with only one-third, whereas when a man uses a condom, then the risk will be reduced by half.

Research Dr. Auvert it turned out to support the research of his colleagues a few years earlier. They (the experts) finally admitted, that circumcision is not just a matter of religious orders, but also good for health. Moreover, the present study, will reveal the benefits of circumcision in reducing the risk of contracting the HIV virus (AIDS).

Men who do not perform circumcision up to two times more at risk to be infected with the HIV virus after having sex with the opposite sex who have been infected with HIV. This study is the first study that discusses HIV transmission in heterosexual couples (male and female), a group of men who frequently change partners.

In the 2003 edition of the monthly journal which discusses about the infectious diseases mentioned study was conducted by collecting information in sexual behavior of 745 truck drivers in Kenya. These men are all examined whether infected with HIV virus and also see if they have been doing circumcision. These results are recorded since the start of the study in 1993 and followed continued until 1997.

During the study period, the truck drivers that will inform their sexual behavior with wives, casual partners and with prostitutes, and carried out screening for HIV and other sexual diseases.

At the end of the study showed, that the man likely to be infected with the HIV virus after performing a sexual relationship about 1 vs. 160. But if he had not been circumcised at risk for HIV infection more than doubled compared with men who have been circumcised. Comparison to HIV-infected ie 1 versus 80 (not circumcised) with 1 versus 200 (been circumcised). This may also explain why the spread of HIV is high in Africa, which is probably due to the frequent change partners and circumcision is not something commonly done there.

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